- My, my, my! Mon, ma, mes !
Rules – Règles
Possessive adjectives – also called possessive determiners – show who or what owns the noun that immediately follows. You can spot a possessive adjective right before its noun. Possessive adjectives work differently in English and in French.
Look at these 3 examples:
mon lit –> my bed
ma chambre –> my room
mes clés –> my keys
MY is translated in 3 different ways in French : MON, MA, MES. That is because it agrees with the noun that it modifies, the noun that follows.
- If the noun is masculine, the adjective is masculine: lit is masculine, so we pick from the masculine column: mon
- If the noun is feminine, the adjective is feminine: chambre is feminine, so we pick from the feminine column: ma
- If the noun is plural, the adjective is plural: clés is plural, so we pick from the plural column: mes
List – Liste
Here is a list with the English, the masculine form, the feminine form, and the plural form.
Examples – Exemples
my father –> mon père our book –> notre livre
my mother –> ma mère our books –> nos livres
her brother –> son frère his girlfriend –> son amie
his sister –> sa sœur their boyfriends –> leurs amis