Tenses And Modes Used Every Day

Tenses and modes used every day

1.imperfect – imparfait

The imperfect is used when a past action used to happen or to describe on-going action or to set a scenery in the past. It answers the questions ‘How was it? What was going on at the time?’

  • I used to speak French with FRENCH HOUR. — je parlais français avec FRENCH HOUR.

2.preterit/present perfect – passé composé

The passé composé is used with a specific length of time and to express a short-one-time action. It answers the questions ‘What happened?’

  • I spoke French with FRENCH HOUR. — j’ai parlé français avec FRENCH HOUR.

3.near past – passé proche

The near past is used to express an action that just happened.

  • I just spoke French with FRENCH HOUR. — je viens de parler français avec FRENCH HOUR.

4.present – présent

The present is used to express an action that is happening or that happens on a regular basis.

  • I speak / I am speaking French with FRENCH HOUR. — je parle français avec FRENCH HOUR.

5.near future – futur proche

The near future is used to express an action that is going to happen.

  • I am going to speak French with FRENCH HOUR. — je vais parler français avec FRENCH HOUR.

6.future – futur simple

The future tense is used to express an action that will happen.

  • I will speak French with FRENCH HOUR. — je parlerai français avec FRENCH HOUR.

7.present command form – impératif présent

The present command form – also called imperative mode – is used to express a command – Do this! – an order or a wish – Let’s do this. It often is followed by a ‘!’

  • Speak French with FRENCH HOUR.! — Parle français avec FRENCH HOUR. !

8.present participle – participe présent

The present participle always ends in ‘-ant’ = ‘-ing”. It is used in combination with ‘en -ant’ to express an action that happens at the same time – ‘while -ing’. It is also used as an adjective and then it agrees in gender and number with the noun they modify.

I’m learning French while having fun – J’apprends le français (en) m’amusant.

  • The French language is fun – La langue française est amusante.

9.past participle – participe passé

The past participle is used in combination with a helping verb in compound tenses such as the passé composé. It is also used as an adjective and then it agrees in gender and number with the noun they modify.

  • I spoke French with FRENCH HOUR. — j’ai parlé français avec FRENCH HOUR.

the French language spoken in Paris – la langue française parlée à Paris

10.present infinitive mode – infinitif (présent)

The present infinitive mode is used to define a verb without conjugating it. In English, the infinitive form always uses ‘to’: to speak. In French, it is at the end of the verb that you see the infinitive form with the following endings: –er, –ir, –oir, –re.

  • I like to speak French – J’aime parler français
  • It’s nice to learn with FRENCH HOUR. – C’est sympa d’apprendre avec FRENCH HOUR.

 

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