French Personal Pronouns

French Personal Pronouns

Les pronoms personnels – Sujets

A personal pronoun is a word that replaces a noun describing a person, an animal or a thing in a sentence. A subject personal pronoun is a personal pronoun who is doing the action in the sentence.

French personal pronouns are as follow

  1. I — je — standard — 1ière (première) personne du singulier, first person singular
  2. you — tu — informal — 2ième (deuxième) personne du singulier, second person singular
  3. you — vous — formal — 3ième (troisième) personne du singulier, third person singular
  4. she — elle — standard — 3ième (troisième) personne du singulier, third person singular
  5. he — il — standard — 3ième (troisième) personne du singulier, third person singular
  6. it — il — standard — 3ième (troisième) personne du singulier, third person singular
  7. we — on — spoken, informal — 3ième (troisième) personne du singulier, third person singular
  8. we — nous — formal — 1ière (première) personne du pluriel, first person plural
  9. you — vous — formal and informal — 2ième (deuxième) personne du pluriel, second person plural
  10. they — ils — standard — masculine and masc./fem. — 3ième (troisième) personne du pluriel, third person plural
  11. they — elles — standard — feminine only — 3ième (troisième) personne du pluriel, third person plural

A little note on WE and THEY.

we

WE has two translations: ON and NOUS. ON it’s what French people prefer to use. You don’t really hear NOUS in the streets. NOUS is more written and formal. ON is funny because it’s plural, but it works as a singular pronoun.

  • « On va à Paris. » –> “We are going to Paris.”
    • ON (WE) is plural, but the verb VA is conjugated like HE or SHE (il va, elle va) would, in the singular form.

they

THEY has a feminine and a masculine form. If talking about only women or referring to feminine nouns, use ELLES – and do not pronounce the S at the end. In any other case – referring to masculine and masculine/feminine nouns – use ILS, again, without pronouncing the S at the end of ILS. Even if describing a group of a thousand women and one man, use ILS.

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Quiz - Personal Pronouns

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