pluS or plus – Pronouncing the S or not
Plus vs PluS
When should I pronounce the S at the end? Learn the rules in this worksheet.
Amber was asking about how to pronounce PLUS the other day. Here is how it works.
PLUS means both MORE, and its opposite NO MORE, NONE, ANYMORE. Go figure! Learn when you should pronounce the S at the end with Anne’s lesson.
There are two ways of saying that word PLUS: sometimes, you pronounce the final “S” – I’ll write it down as ‘pluS‘ in this worksheet and sometimes not – I’ll write it down as ‘plus’ here.
So when do you pronounce the S, and when not? Think about it as a positive or a negative word.
pluS means ‘MORE’
pluS means MORE – it’s positive
When pluS means adding items – it means ‘MORE’ – you also add an S sound. pluS is pronounced [plus].
- 1 + 2 = 3
- 1 pluS 2 = 3
- “I want more”.
- « J’en veux pluS. »
- “I want more bread”.
- « Je veux pluS de pain. »
However, when pluS is followed by another word other than DE – often an adjective – you do NOT pronounce the S.
- “The sea is more beautiful”.
- « La mer est plus belle. »
- “This apple is more tart than the other one”.
- « Cette pomme est plus‿amère que l’autre. »
When the following word starts with a vowel, there is a liaison, a Z sound in that case.
IN the structure ‘the more… the more’, you do NOT pronounce the S either…
- “The more I study with FrenchHour, the more I know French”.
- « Plus j’étudie avec FrenchHour, plus je connais le français. »
… unless there is a liaison (a Z sound in that case). A liaison occurs when the following word starts with a vowel.
- “The more they study with FrenchHour, the more they speak well.”
- « Plus‿ils prennent des cours avec FrenchHour, plus‿ils parlent bien. »
plus means NO MORE
PLUS means NO MORE, NONE, ANYMORE – it’s negative
On the other end, when PLUS is negative, when it means taking items away – it means ‘NO MORE’, ‘NONE’, ‘NOT… ANYMORE’ – you also take away the S sound and PLUS is pronounced [plus], without the S sound.
- “I don’t want it anymore”.
- « Je n’en veux plus. »
Exception: you might hear a Z sound when there is a liaison, such as when the word following plus starts with a vowel.
- “I don’t want to buy the bike anymore”.
- « Je ne veux plus‿acheter la moto. »
In a nutshell
- MORE is [pluS] unless followed by another word (not DE though)
- NO MORE, NONE, ANYMORE is [plus]
- [pluS] or [plus] may have a Z sound if the following word starts with a vowel
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