Les noms, les articles et les accents – Le français d’aujourd’hui
Let’s go over the basics of French nouns and articles and the mystery of French accents.
In this lesson, we’ll go over
The Gender of Nouns
Is the word masculine or feminine?
The gender – knowing if a word is masculine or feminine – is not always logical. For instance, why do you say un livre (a book) and une livre (half a pound)?
Luckily, there are a few tricks you can hang onto to spot a gender. Learn about it in the premium lesson.
THE has 4 translations in French: LE, LA, L’, LES. A/AN has 3 translations in French: UN, UNE, DES.
French words have a gender. For instance, a cheese is masculine and a baguette is feminine. The gender shows up in the article, but also in the adjective, so it’s important to know them:
- the fresh baguette and the fresh cheese –> la baguette fraîche et le fromage frais
Sometimes, the gender is obvious (a man, a woman); sometimes, there is no logic to it. Therefore, it is necessary to memorize the gender with every new noun you are learning.
Exercice sur les articles définis
Fill in the blanks with LE, LA, UN or UNE. Review the gender of the noun on the first lesson “French Alphabet”. The answers are in the last column.
|the kilo||___ kilo||le kilo|
|a check||___ addition||une addition|
|the strawberry||___ fraise||la fraise|
|a hotel||___ hôtel||un hôtel|
Accents on French letters
Les accents en français : é, è, ê, ç et autres œ
The French alphabet has 26 letters, just like in English.
However, some letters have accents.
Accents in French serve two main purposes:
- to modify the sound of a word
- to distinguish the meaning of two words that would otherwise be spelled the same way
Most common accents
1. Accent aigu (acute), accent grave (grave), and accent circonflexe (circumflex)
Fill in the blanks with one of the two words provided.
_______ (La, Là) fête était _______ (a, à) Loguivy-_______(les, lès)-Lannion, _______ (ou, où) les grands-parents avaient la maison familiale. _______ (Les, Lès) fêtes se faisaient toujours _______ (la, là).
There are more accents. See the premium lesson here.
Ensuite – Next